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Friday, July 24, 2020 | History

9 edition of Epidemic cerebro-spinal meningitis and its relation to other forms of meningitis. found in the catalog.

Epidemic cerebro-spinal meningitis and its relation to other forms of meningitis.

A report to the State Board of Health of Massachusetts.

by Massachusetts. State Board of Health.

  • 324 Want to read
  • 31 Currently reading

Published by Wright & Potter Printing Co., state printers in Boston .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Meningitis, Cerebrospinal

  • Edition Notes

    Report made by W.T. Councilman, F.B. Mallory, and J.H. Wright.

    ContributionsCouncilman, William Thomas., Mallory, Frank Burr, 1862-1941., Wright, James Homer, 1869-1928.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRC124 .M4
    The Physical Object
    Paginationx, 178 p.
    Number of Pages178
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6988675M
    LC Control Number07030906
    OCLC/WorldCa8271115

      Meningitis. Early treatment of bacterial meningitis involves antibiotics that can cross the blood-brain barrier (a lining of cells that keeps harmful micro-organisms and chemicals from entering the brain). Appropriate antibiotic treatment for most types of meningitis can greatly reduce the risk of dying from the disease. Meningococcal meningitis is one of the three most common types of bacterial meningitis. The incubation period averages days (range days), which is the period of communicability. It progresses more rapidly than any other acute form of bacterial meningitis. Meningococcal meningitis involves the central nervous system.

    Meningeal infection is similar to other forms of acute purulent meningitis, with sudden onset of fever, headache, and stiff neck, often accompanied by other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, photophobia (eye sensitivity to light), and altered mental status. Meningococci can be isolated from the blood in up to 75% of persons with meningitis. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle .

    Bacterial meningitis is much more serious than viral meningitis. The side effects may be more severe. Symptoms appear after a cold or sore throat or there may be no other illness just before symptoms come on. If meningitis is suspected, the child or adult should be seen by a doctor right away. Bacterial meningitis occurs most often in the winter. Meningitis is most commonly caused by bacteria and viruses. Within these more common bacteria, are other bacteria that cause rarer types of meningitis. Meningitis can also be caused by other factors including fungi, chemicals & parasites. Learn about the rarer causes as meningitis can affect anyone.


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Epidemic cerebro-spinal meningitis and its relation to other forms of meningitis by Massachusetts. State Board of Health. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Overview of Cerebrospinal Meningitis. CSM is a respiratory and contagious disease. Clinical CSM disease was first described by Vieusseux in in Geneva, Switzerland while the causative agent, Neisseria meningitidis was identified by Austrian bacteriologist Anton Weichselbaum in [].Since then, the disease has occurred in epidemic proportions in other Cited by: Epidemic cerebro-spinal meningitis and its relation to other forms of meningitis.

A report to the State Board of Health of Massachusetts by Massachusetts. State Board of Health; Councilman, William Thomas; Mallory, Frank Burr, ; Wright, James Homer, Cerebrospinal meningitis definition is - inflammation of the meninges of both brain and spinal cord; specifically: an infectious often epidemic and fatal meningitis caused by the meningococcus.

Councilman, WT, Mallory, FB, Wright, JH: Epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis and its relation to other forms of meningitis. Report of the State Board of Health of Massachusetts,pp 1 – Epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis is a suppurative meningitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis.

Its main clinical manifestations include sudden high fever, headache, vomiting, mucosal petechiae and ecchymosis, and signs of meningeal irritation.

In some serious cases, explosive onset may occur, with septic shock and cerebral parenchymal : Mengtian Sun, Jingliang Cheng. Epidemic Cerebrospinal meningitis (PCSM), also known as meningococcal meningitis, is caused by a rare type of bacteria called Neisseria miningitidis or also called meningococcus.

Such bacteria may cause infection in a certain part of your body such as your skin, respiratory tract, or gastrointestinal tract. epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis an acute infectious disease with seropurulent inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord, due to infection by Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus).

It usually occurs in epidemics, and symptoms are those of acute cerebral and spinal meningitis. Meningitis occurs when the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord become inflamed.

This is normally caused by infection but can also have non-infectious causes. Read on to learn more about. Full text Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version.

Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. An Outbreak of Cerebro-spinal Meningitis in a Foundling Hospital. The Treatment of Carriers with "M & B " M.

AustraliaJuly 52 Fairbrother, R. W.: Cerebrospinal Meningitis. Meningitis is an acute inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, known collectively as the meninges.

The most common symptoms are fever, headache, and neck stiffness. Other symptoms include confusion or altered consciousness, vomiting, and an inability to tolerate light or loud noises.

Young children often exhibit only nonspecific. Recurrent meningitis may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or other conditions. Bacteria Bacterial meningitis may recur when an unrepaired injury or birth defect allows bacteria to enter the space between the layers of tissue (meninges) that cover the brain and spinal cord.

Aseptic meningitis refers to meningitis that is caused by anything other than the bacteria that typically cause meningitis. Thus, aseptic meningitis can include meningitis caused by drugs, disorders that are not infections, or other organisms (such as the bacteria that cause Lyme disease or syphilis).

If culture or other tests detect bacteria in cerebrospinal fluid, bacterial meningitis is confirmed. Until the cause of meningitis is confirmed, other tests using samples of cerebrospinal fluid or blood may be done to check for viruses, fungi, cancer cells, and other substances that routine tests do not identify.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Full text Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page.

Cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) was known to exist as far back as man could remember but the first knowledge about this disease is due to Vieusseux who in described an outbreak of CSM in Geneva.

Since then this disease has shown a gradual increase both in its geographical range and in the number of persons it has attacked. Meningitis, sometimes referred to as spinal meningitis, is an inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis is usually caused by a viral infection, but it can also be caused by a bacterial or fungal infection.

Depending on the type of infection, meningitis can be easily curable or potentially life : K. Epidemic Meningitis. Meningococcal meningitis is a fulminant disorder with a high mortality rate and serious sequelae (sensorineural hearing loss, seizures, motor deficits, hydrocephalus, cognitive abnormalities, and behavioral problems) in treated survivors.

From: Aminoff's Neurology and General Medicine (Fifth Edition), Related terms. Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges with an associated abnormal cell count in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).[1] Aseptic meningitis, defined by the lack of bacterial growth in cultures, is the most common form, with viruses being a frequent cause.[2] Viral causes of meningitis have become more common as the prevalence of bacterial meningitis has.

Define epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis. epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis synonyms, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis pronunciation, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis translation, English dictionary definition of epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis. Thesaurus Antonyms Related Words Synonyms Legend: Switch to new thesaurus.

Noun: 1. Meningococcic (epidemic cerebro-spinal) meningitis is marked by pustular (herpetic) eruptions on the face and lips and by a stellate rash on the extensor surfaces of the arms. Some forms of meningitis (for example, adenoviral) may be accompanied by muscular pain and intestinal disturbances.

The cranial nerves are sometimes involved.For all types of meningitis, doctors do a spinal tap (lumbar puncture) to confirm the diagnosis and identify the cause. The sample of cerebrospinal fluid is withdrawn and sent to a laboratory to be examined, analyzed, and cultured.

Excerpt from Epidemic Meningitis, or Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis-restricting our historical review of the disease to the epidemics of it which have occurred since the beginning of the present century, and, rising for a moment above its individual and local outbreaks, our attention is at once arrested by a circumstance which removes it from the category of endemic, and even of epidemic Author: Alfred Stillé.